There is a pressing need to harmonize economies, ecologies and the respect for human rights and inherent human dignity. Environmental catastrophe, displacement of communities and the decimation of their cultural ways of living and being, cruel, degrading and inhumane working conditions and the exploitation of the most vulnerable including women and children, the suspension of the enjoyment of fundamental human rights including the right to development and social and economic rights underscores the centrality of the often times vexed relations between business and human rights. While states have the primary obligation of protecting, preserving and promoting human rights, the state is but a partial and an insipient element in this kaleidoscope. Businesses too must take the responsibility of preventing human rights violations and providing remedy to victims of human rights violations. There is a growing recognition that infraction of human rights is bad for business precisely because of the reputational risks and damage.
(a) the state:
enforcement of laws that require business enterprises to respect human rights, to periodically assess the adequacy of such laws, and address any gaps
ensure consistency of corporate laws with human rights obligations
effective guidance to business enterprises on how to respect human rights throughout their operations,
encourage and require where appropriate business enterprises to communicate how they address the human rights impact of their operations.